Jefferson County, West Virginia, Architectural Inventory Form (1975).

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JCHLC_1975_078; Homestead Farm by Jefferson County, WV, Historic Landmarks Commission

Jefferson County, West Virginia, Architectural Inventory Form (1975).


JCHLC_1975_078; Homestead Farm


Jefferson County, WV, Historic Landmarks Commission




William D. Theriault


Public Records


Jefferson County, WV, Historic Landmarks Commission Jefferson County, WV 1/1/1975

Found Location

Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission. Historic Buildings Survey, 1975.

Geertsema Number


Topics Architecture,Agriculture

Homestead Farm, spring house (1)

Homestead Farm, spring house (2)

Homestead Farm, front and left view (1)

Homestead Farm, front and left view (2)

Homestead Farm, front and left view (3)

Homestead Farm, front and left view (4)

Homestead Farm, log meat house (1)

Homestead Farm, log meat house (2)

Jefferson County, West Virginia, Architectural Inventory Form (1975).


Present Owner: Patricia and Kenneth Dale Gageby

Mailing Address: Route 3, Harpers Ferry, WV

Original Owner: John Engle, probably Sr.

Assessor Map #: *

Approximate Lot Size: *

Property Currently Zoned: *

Assessment: Land - *; Improvements - *; Total - *

Physical Condition: Structure - Good; Grounds - Good; Neighborhood - Good

Common Name: Geocode: CT704

; JCHLC_1975_078; Homestead Farm

Address: *

Area: Engle

Architect/Builder: *

Date of Construction: probably 18th century , added 1849 ; Source - *

Architectural Style: *

Present Use: single family residence

Original Use: single family residence

Incidence in Area: moderate

Importance to Its Neighborhood: Great

Accessible to Public: *

Architectural Significance: State

Significance of Interiors: *

Significance of

Landscaping: * Historic Significance: * Representation in Other Surveys: Windshield Survey No. C-21, Landmarks Comm. No. CT21; Grid No. CT-E2; Homestead Farm


Facade Material: stone

Foundation: stone

Roof Form: *

Porch or Veranda: gone; Height: *

Building Height in Stories: 2

Roof Dormers: *

Chimneys: *; Where: *

Facade Emphasis: *

Window Sash: 1st: *; 2nd: *; 3rd: *

Entrance: Fan: *; Lintel: *; Trans: *; Sidelights: *; Undecorated: *


Mantels: 5

Overmantles: *

Staircase: -

Wainscotting: *

Interior Doors of Period: yes

Door and window Frames: yes

Other Panelling: -

Ceiling Cornices: -

Chair Rails: chair rails

Base Molds: yes

Wallcoverings of Period: - <p>Hardware: some original

Ceiling Medallions: -

Original Floors: yes

Other: *

Significant Outbuildings: slave quarters, meat house, old spring house in ruins

Landscaping: *

Other Notes: Information from present owner and his sister and the book Melchior Engle at Charles Town Library and from family graveyard on the property.)

This is an interesting old historic stone house which has never gone out of the Engle family. The present owner's mother was an Engle, grand-daughter of Jacob Engle (see C-22A).

The house was built in two sections, the newer of which was constructed in 1849 - set high on the southern exterior wall is a stone inscribed "1849 JE CBE". The division between the two parts is clearly visible because of variations in the colors of the stone; there is also no connecting door between the two parts.

JE is John Engle, Jr. (1795 -1865 ) and CBE is Catherine B. Engle, his second wife who died in 1851 at the age of 32. The original section of the house - 6 rooms with slave quarters attached - must have been in existence in the 1820's and it is highly possible that it was built even earlier by John Engle, Sr. I couldn't determine the latter's birth and death dates but his brother Philip was 1767 -1822 .

Precisely what the relationship between John Engle, Sr. and Melchior Engle was I'm not quite sure, but they were certainly closely related and the land on which this house stands was part of the 1754 Fairfax grant to Melchior Engle. Tradition has it that Melchior engle built a fort, as his house, around a never-failing spring at the head of Elk Branch (near Duffields) and that his land stretched from there to the Potomac. His will was probated 1 April 1760 and the estate was appraised by Edward Lucas.

In August 1848 the property still in Engle hands was divided by common consent among John Engle, Jr. and his two brothers - William (1799 -1879 , see C-31) and Philip (1803 -1881 ). The sister of the present owner of this house (see C-22-A) has the original of this deed, which has attached to it a survey made and signed, with a drawing, by William McPherson.

It seems reasonable to assume that John Jr., who was the oldest son, retained as his share that property on which the family home and graveyard were located. So I conclude that the original section of this home (C-21) was built much earlier by John Engle Sr. and that the year after it was his, 1849 , John Engle Jr. added to it. Reportedly the 2-room (1 up, 1 down) addition was to house 2 family bachelors.

Much of what was original in the ... section is still intact, and there are 2 interesting outbuildings - a separate stone slave quarters (2 slaves are buried near the family graveyard but not in it) and an old log meat house (they think it was) which is entirely pegged. Nothing grand about this - farm house.