History of the Engle Family in the Shenandoah Valley and Family Connections. Gen. William Darke, Moores, Dukes, and Incidents of the Civil War
- 1 by Engle, James M.
- 2 Engle, James M. History of the Engle Family in the Shenandoah Valley. Washington, D.C., 1906.
- 3 CONTENTS
- 3.1 <a href="#Chap1">FIRST SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY</a>
- 3.2 <a href="#Chap2">EARLY ENGLE SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY.</a>
- 3.3 <a href="#Chap3">GEN. WILLIAM DARKE. </a>
- 3.4 <a href="#Chap4">THE DUKE FAMILY.<a>
- 3.5 <a href="#Chap5">THE MOORE FAMILY. <a>
- 3.6 <a href="#Chap6">THE MOLER FAMILY. <a>
- 3.7 <a href="#Chap7">LIFE IN DEPARTMENTS AT WASHINGTON.<a>
- 4 <a name="Chap1">FIRST SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY</a>
- 5 <a name="Chap2">EARLY ENGLE SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY.</a>
- 6 <a name="Chap3">GEN. WILLIAM DARKE.</a>
- 7 <a name="Chap4">THE DUKE FAMILY.</a>
- 8 <a name="Chap5">THE MOORE FAMILY.</a>
- 9 <a name="Chap6">THE MOLER FAMILY.</a>
- 10 <a name="Chap7">LIFE IN DEPARTMENTS AT WASHINGTON.</a>
by Engle, James M.
Engle, James M.
Washington, DC 1906
Old Charles Town Library
Engle, James M. History of the Engle Family in the Shenandoah Valley. Washington, D.C., 1906.
<a href="#Chap1">FIRST SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY</a>
<a href="#Chap2">EARLY ENGLE SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY.</a>
<a href="#Chap3">GEN. WILLIAM DARKE. </a>
<a href="#Chap4">THE DUKE FAMILY.<a>
<a href="#Chap5">THE MOORE FAMILY. <a>
<a href="#Chap6">THE MOLER FAMILY. <a>
<a href="#Chap7">LIFE IN DEPARTMENTS AT WASHINGTON.<a>
<a name="Chap1">FIRST SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY</a>
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The first settler in Shenandoah Valley was in 1729 . Adam Miller, a German, who wrote to governor of Virginia in 1744 and swore he had been living near Strasburg, Va. for 15 years and asked to be naturalized, which was done. He came down from Pennsylvania and crossed at the Antietam ford below Shepherdstown. Two or three years later sixteen families crossed two miles above Harper's Ferry, about Old Furnace and settled in the country near Winchester. All these were Germans who had fled from the old country on account of the wars on the French and German borders which ravaged their country and destroyed their homes. These people told George Washington they did not care what king they lived under so they had peace, but afterward took up arms to help establish a just government.
When the young surveyor George Washington, began to mark out farms sold by Lord Fairfax to these settlers, in 1750 to 1770 he says in his journal he was followed through the woods by crowds of German children and no doubt some of the eighteen children of Philip Engle were among these children.
Robert Harper of Oxford, England founded Harper's Ferry in 1734 . His kinsman George Harper, banker and wealthy farmer, Greene County, Ohio told me 1890 of his father raising wheat where Bolivar now stands.
The Valley has a fine stone pike from Harper's Ferry to Staunton. Riding along one day I saw an Irishman breaking stone on it in the full glare of the sun. I said my good man you ought to have an umbrella over you, the hot sun will melt your brains.
"Sir, if I had any brains do you think I'd be after doing this kind o' work."
The first steam boat plied on the Potomac at Shepherdstown and the first breech loading gun, Hall's rifle, was made at Harper's Ferry Armory.
<a name="Chap2">EARLY ENGLE SETTLERS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY.</a>
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The earliest Engle setter in the Shenandoah Valley was Melchor Engle, who came down from Lancaster City, Pa. and bought 397 acres of land of Lord Fairfax, January 1st, 1754 as per deed for the John Link Farm, now in possession of Mrs. Alice Link Osborn a cousin of ours on the paternal side, who now owns said farm, about 100 acres.
The Lizzie Link, John Harman, and Mrs. Henry Ronemous Farms of about 100 acres each, were also of this 397 acre purchase by Melchor Engle of Lord Fairfax, the original owner.
The first house on this purchase was made of logs and was near the head spring of Elk Branch Creek. Said spring is now in the yard enclosure of Mrs. Alice Link Osborn's home, a fine stone mansion, 100 yards from B. & O. Railroad, halfway between Duffields, W. Va., and Shenandoah Junction, two thriving towns in this great wheat raising county of Jefferson.
This deed being the oldest record has been copied by Kinsmen Melchor Engle, and his three sons, John, William and Philip may have come a few years prior to this date, as it takes some time to locate land, say 1740 to 1750 .
History says General Darke came in 1740 and most probably Melchor Engle same time. Our oldest people say Melchor Engle 1700 to 1771 built a stone fort around this first house and the spring in order to stand off the Indian war parties and allies of the French who often made incursions into the lower valley for plunder, robbery and murder.
The Engle graveyard 100 yards distant from the Spring tradition says was started by hastily going out of the fort at night to bury a person killed in the fort, by an assault of the savages. It is the only way to account for locating a graveyard so close to a spring and residence.
Though Melchor Engle came down from Lancaster, Pa., he could not have long been a resident of that state probably five or ten years. His youngest son Philip was born in Lancaster City in 1742 as Dr. Waters wrote in his obituary and he most likely got it from Philip Engle himself, having long been his physician and on terms of intimacy at his home in the woods, where he had eighteen children born to him and in constant need of a doctor to attend so large a family.
The older brothers John and William may have been born in Germany and crossed the ocean to Philadelphia, in that line of vessels from Rotterdam which brought thousands of house-seekers to the new world. A man by name of Rupp got the ship's passenger lists from Penn's Archive and compiled, "Rupp's History of Pennsylvania and thirty-thousand names" of settlers which shows the great stream and names familiar.
The country around Philadelphia soon filled up and outward the tide of emigration flowed and on down the Cumberland Valley across the Potomac at Pack Horse Ford into our own Valley of the Shenandoah -- 1732 was the earliest. Sixteen families crossed the Potomac two or three miles above Harper's Ferry water gap.
Melchor Engle and Adam Moler also came and settled along or near the Potomac and now their descendents spread out everywhere and are numbered by the hundred. Some gone west to California and Oregon, some at Springfield, Ohio, in Indiana and Missouri, some went to California to dig gold in 1849 and remained. In a Post Office report in Washington, D. C., I saw the name George Engle, P. M., Ashland, Oregon. I wrote him and he replied, yes grandfather came to California to dig gold and we went on up to land of wheat 60 bushels to the acre -- Oregon.
Our own people say the first Engle came from Germany to Virginia stopping awhile in Pennsylvania and some of the earliest spoke the German language. The name is common in Saxon Germany and the Angles was another tribe and was gradually changed from Angle to Engle just the same way England got its name
See Hart's Rhetoric Angle-land, Engle-land to England. The word means angel same as angelos in the Greek language. Several Engles attained distinction in the Old Country--Germany. A Doctor Engle was the physician at the Prussian Court, also two are noted as writers of operatic music. While I think we are of German stock I wish to record the statement of Dr. John Engle Moler of Hartford City, Indiana, who wrote me in 1900 that his grandmother Engle and his uncle told him about 1830 that the Engles and Molers came from Jerseys or Guerseys in Holland. This is the only direct location given by any of our people, and I will add he was the most intelligent old person of our people who wrote me on the subject. He was a brother of Philip Moler of Villa and went west in 1840 or 1850 and died 1902 age 80 years. He wrote a history of the Moler family for Register.
While some of our people object to be classed as of Dutch descent, I do not, for no people have a brighter or more heroic history than the Dutch. They resisted the armies of Philip of Spain, then a mighty ruler, and defended their country with a heroism unexcelled by any nation, and today are the only Presbyterian monarchy extant. Philip, the third son of Melchor Engle, is the father of the Engle family in the lower valley of Jefferson--often spoken of as Old Grandfather Philip. His older brother, William, moved up to Capon Bridge, Va. and was likewise the father of a numerous family, three of which Rev. J. J. Engle, Captain 42nd Va. Regiment, and his son Rev. J. S. Engle, Editor Baltimore Southern Methodist are Methodist preachers, and Lieutenant Holland Engle of the Stonewall Brigade O. S. A. are well known. Philip's other brother went into the Revolutionary War and served as a non-commissioned officer and died in that struggle for liberty. He never came back home, and I find his name in the list of non-commissioned officers entitled to 100 acres land from Virginia, see Leg. journal 1834 -5 of Virginia House of Delegates, and also 200 acres from U. S. He gave his
life to the cause of liberty for his country. We are proud of him.
Philip Engle, Sr., our direct ancestor, also served a campaign in the Revolutionary War. He marched under General Gates to Camden, South Carolina and took part there in the battle being under special guard service at the General's headquarters in a position of trust during the battle. This was probably caused by Gen. Gates himself as he was from the same county and knew Philip.
After the war he settled down and married Mary Darke the sister of Gen. Wm. Darke his friend and neighbor. Mary Darke, his 1st wife, bore him eleven children, as follows: 1st John; 2nd Joseph; 3rd William; 4th Philip, Jr.; 5th Samuel; 6th George; 7th Michael; 8th Jesse; 9th Mary; 10th Ann; 11th Susan, and later when about 55 years he married Isabella Pollock who bore him seven children named Benjamin 12th; Betsy 13th; Phoebe 14th, Naomi 15th; Thomas 16th; Moses 17th; and James 18th, the eldest son of second wife. This goodly family would probably have satisfied President Roosevelt in his day. At the time of Grandfather Philip's death in 1830 these had seventy-five grandchildren and forty-five great grand-children. No other Engle has had so large a family but in the day of cheap land every child was a valued addition to the household and a source of riches and blessing to their parents. In a country of plenty land every boy earns his living after seven years of age by his work on the farm and it gives habits of industry that goes far in making an industrious useful citizen.
Every foreign immigrant is said to add a thousand dollars to the value of our country if he is healthy and industrious so the trained farmer's boys have made the wilderness to blossom as the rose, and rapidly making us the greatest nation on the earth.
All hail to the working boys.
There were a few sluggards when our fore father hewed out their houses and fields. The cutting down of trees and making fences of rails is hard work indeed, but it gives health to those who follow it and character.
It is said in 1732 there were few trees in Jefferson County over six inches in diameter, so that settlers went on up to Winchester in order to have good timber. Now this is quite reversed for we have trees two or three feet in diameter of the very best.
I have written that Melchor Engle came down from Lancaster County, Pa. a few years previous to 1754 in which a deed for land is on record. Now I have learned from Pennsylvania history and J. F. Engle in Pension office Washington, D. C., that Ulrich and Jacob Engle came from Switzerland in 1753 to Marietta, Lancaster County, Pa. and they founded there the denomination of the River Brethren a branch of the Dunkard Church who baptize only in the river, who are now quite numerous throughout Pennsylvania.
The Dunkards originated in Germany about 200 years ago (1708 ) when eight persons agreed to drop all perplexing creeds and follow the plain words of Scripture, eschewing all worldly vanities such as diamonds, gold watches, expensive spring bonnets, etc. etc. a pretty good set of notions for any people. Even President Roosevelt has had a French pastor to preach the simple life to us. But I digress, was there any relation between Melchor Engle, Ulrich and Jacob Engle in that same country in Pennsylvania and about the same date 1753 , Jacob Engle was an importer and raiser of fine breeds of cattle in that country, and his son Henry Engle had a large nursery at Marietta, Pa., and was an authority on fruit culture. Ezra B. Engle and Horace Engle are of them, the latter a teacher in the Normal School at Millerstown, Pa. Through Mrs. Jesse Engle Johnson we have heard several brothers of the Engles and also the Molers, settled in New Jersey upon their first arrival in America prior to year 1750 , and some tarried in Philadelphia, Pa. while others went out to Lancaster County, Pa., and on down to the Valley of Virginia.
Gen. Robert Patterson, who commanded the first union army which came into our Shenandoah Valley in the civil war, married an Engle in Philadelphia and he
called on Philip Engle, Jr., of Harper's Ferry while there, and said he believed they were kinsmen. Also see the Joseph P. Engle Institute in Philadelphia by one of our name.
Four of Philip Engle's Sr. children died without issue to wit: Benjamin, Thomas, Sue and Naomi, leaving fourteen whose posterity we would like to name and follow down to the present day which will include 150 years in America, 1754 to 1904 . John Engle eldest son of Philip Engle, Sr. married twice, 1st Miss Hendricks, 2nd Hannah Koonce. He moved out to Clark County, Ohio and bought 640 acres of land. He had five sons and two daughters, George and Jesse by first wife, and Joseph, Samuel, John, Mary Ann and Elizabeth who died single, by second wife. George married Rebecca Roberts and had two children, James and Margaret. He bought 200 acres of land in Champaign County, Ohio., and lived on it, Jesse died young, time his father moved to Ohio. John married Eliza Melvin and settled on 200 acres of land in Clark County, Ohio. He had five children, Samuel, Jane, James, Silas and Benjamin. Samuel Engle, Sr. married Jane Jones and had 150 acres of land in Champaign County, Ohio. They had six children, Sarah, Martha, Emma, Ellie, Joseph and Milton. Mary Ann Engle married Wesley Hunter and they had fourteen children, John, Elizabeth, Maranda, William, Levi, Joseph, Charles, Lucretia and Meiista twins, Blanche, Ursula, Emma and Ellen twins and Mary Virginia who married Mr. Everhart, of Mechanicsburg. Wesley Hunter had 150 acres of land in Clark County, Ohio, Levi his son was in the U. S. Army from Ohio in the Civil War. Joseph, born 1806 , and died in 1879 stayed in Virginia and ran his blacksmith shop for some years, until he had accumulated $8,000.00 when he quit work and loaned money to the farmers of his section, always being careful to collect the interest when due and loan it too. His shop which he had fitted up nicely became a veritable bank, and farmers came from all around to borrow $100 to thousands and talk over the news of the day. Such is the accumulating power of interest that when
he died in 1879 his estate was worth $50,000.00. He made a will and left his money to three brothers, George, John, Samuel and his sister Mary Hunter, living near Springfield, Ohio. He was an honest, upright man and never charged over 6 per cent. At an early age he joined the Baptist church and several years before his death he told Joseph E. Engle, in whose family he lived for twenty years his full hope in a blessed immortality. He lies buried in the General Darke graveyard and has a fine monument. His life is a great lesson to us all. By industry, and to lay up part of our earnings and let it accumulate for old age.
William Engle, the third son of Philip and Mary Darke married a Miss Mary Lemon of Berkeley County, and had five children, John, William, Harper's Ferry, Philip, Mary always known as Aunt Polly, and Martha who married Mr. Hutchinson of Springfield, Ohio and raised a family there.
Philip Engle, William's son, was a merchant and later an armorer in the Harper's Ferry gun works, also at Philadelphia, Pa. during the Civil War. He married Sarah Ann Strider and had a pretty house on tip top Camp Hill Harper's Ferry, W. Va. His children are Wm. F. Engle, it is said shot one of the John Brown insurgents as he was fleeing across the rocks and sands of the river at the time of the John Brown Raid in 1859 . He entered the Confederate service as Lieutenant 2nd Virginia Regiment, was wounded at Winchester, so he was home the balance of the war. He married Miss Amanda Bear up the Valley, went to Oregon but soon returned to the Valley. He left one son, Moffit, who married Cora Rubush.
Cornelia married John T. Rhulman, son of Adam Rhulman, minister to Germany in 1861 -5 , John T. Rhulman died in 1881 leaving three children, William, Brownie and Philip. Their mother who is a lady of fine address and a pleasing talker, married Rev. J. P. A. Dickey of Hamden, Ohio.
Jessie E. Engle married Charles G. Johnson of Charlestown, a great grandson of Capt. George North of the
Revolutionary War, and they have three children, William, Sarah and Garland. William Herbert married Corinne A. Anderson and they have three children Cornelia, Mary Darke and Chas. G. Johnson, Jr., of Radford, Va. Sarah married Mark Reid. Garland is single.
Sarah A. Engle married Wm. S. Kelch of Hamden, Ohio and they have nine children, Claude died aged 23, Nina married Frederick St. John, William married Annie Foster, Gibbs, Berry, Thinlow, Queenie, Jessie and Bushrod. Sixteen grand children of Philip, Mary (Aunt Polly) married Benjamin Engle brother of Humphrey. John married his cousin Julia Ann Engle. Wm. Darke Engle married Jane Hutchinson. His daughter Annie married Mr. Hyde who has a large jewelry store in Martinsburg, W. Va. Martha, Philip's sister, married Isaac Hutchinson and they had three children, William, John and Elizabeth who married Elias Driscal, a large carriage manufacturer of Springfield, Ohio. This Isaac Hutchinson later married Elizabeth Engle daughter of old Philip and Mary Darke and died aged 91 yrs. John Hutchinson's daughter, Rachel Adria, married Hon. Oliver Miller of Springfield, O. Cousin Polly Engle died 1887 age 83. She saw Mary Darke Engle, when a baby.
Joseph Engle's son, Samuel Engle married Susan Licklider and had nine children. He lived two miles northwest of Charlestown, W. Va. He had three sons who did valiant work in the Confederate Army, Lieut. George W. Engle, Lieut. Samuel Darke Engle, Frank Engle, Confederate spy and Susan Ann Engle. The latter was my grand-fathers third wife and had two children Virginia Darke, George Frank Engle.
Lieut. George W. Engle, born 1832 died 1895 was married in 1853 to Martha Hayslet and again in 1868 to Martha M. Chapman by whom he has thirteen children; six boys and five girls and widow living in 1905 . He was a member of Jefferson guards and was of the detail squad who carried John Brown from the Jail to the Court House during his trial in 1859 . He was First Lieut. Company D, 12th Va. Cavalry in the Civil War, and fought in the battles of Cold Harbor, Yellow Tavern,
Brandy Station, Wilderness and others. He led the charge below Richmond in the big cattle raid when they captured 2400 head of cattle and 800 prisoners from Gen. Grant's Army.
Lieut. George W. Engle with Company D, was going down to Woodstock to attack the Yankee garrison there met his kinsman Capt. Jacob H. Engle on furlough with a felon on his right thumb.
"Come on go with us, going to have some fun," Capt. Jake accepted and all went down and attacked the garrison which was made much stronger than they expected and they had to fly. A trooper singled out Capt. Jake for capture and was whacking him across the shoulders with his sabre. Capt. Jake trying his best to cock his revolver with the sore hand which trooper seeing fell back.
I have heard Lieut. George tell this grim war joke on Capt. Jake and laugh heartily at Captain's Sunday school words to the Yankee trooper.
Abbott's War History says 4,000 cattle were captured in that raid below Richmond. The cattle guard was armed with 16 shot Winchester rifles--first use of them. I've heard Benjamin Darke Engle say, "Oh how they did pepper us with them." Capt. Jake brought a Winchester home after war captured on this cattle raid.
Samuel Darke Engle, his brother, was Second Lieut. Company A, 12th Va. Cavalry and he was in the first and second battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Wilderness where was wounded. Upon his recovery he was made commander of Company F, 12th, Va., Cavalry to close of the war. He was married to Miss Jane Chapman in 1876 , who bore him four children two sons and two daughters.
Frank Engle their brother served also in the Confederate service, both as a soldier and a confidential agent, being a fluent talker. When Gen. Lee's Army moved north towards Pennsylvania, Frank went in advance of it to Middletown to get news and visit his friends as he
had been a merchant in that section. A posse of the enemy got after him as a spy, and he just escaped in time.
He married Laura Phillips and had three sons, George, Dixie and Frank who were in the governor's office at Charlestown, W. Va., many years. He was a merchant at Halltown, W. Va.
Thomas and Sarah died young. Margaret died age 52 years.
William died in Missouri age 31 years, while Joseph joined the Charlestown, W. Va., band of gold seekers and went to Placerville, Cal. in 1849 to dig gold. He died in 1850 before the company got well started and his kinsman Jacob H. Engle cared for him there and afterwards settled up his estate.
Samuel Engle, fifth son of Philip and Mary Darke Engle was born in 1780 and died 1819 worked at the cooper trade as all wheat was ground to flour and hauled to Georgetown, D. C., and Alexandria, Va., before the days of railroads. Later he farmed the Hazlefield farm of 800 acres. He was an upright just man. He married Betsy Wiltshire by whom he had five children, Eliza, Benjamin, Philip, Bennett and Humphrey, Eliza married John McKnight, school master, and soldier of the war of 1812 , for whom she got a pension. Philip died young and Benjamin married cousin Polly Engle and died next year. Bennett Engle founded Bardane as he opened a wagon maker's shop there, and built the first house. Later he moved west to Osage City, Kansas and died 1890 .
Humphrey Engle married his cousin Isabell Engle and started life with one acre land and such was his industry and care that when he died he owned 250 acres of fine land and money in bank. A neighbor meeting him with his team said, Mr. Engle, fine harness on your horses, yes he replied but I've had them twenty years, so well kept.
He left two children, Joseph E. Engle, who is a leader in the Methodist Church at Bardane, W. Va. and his sister Sallie Engle who married Solomon Snyder and died in middle life, age 52 years.
Michael Engle, seventh son of Philip and Mary Darke Engle, born 1781 and died 1829 , was such a devout Baptist Christian that he made all the nails and spikes that was used in building Zoar church free of cost.
He married Betsy Pollock, cousin of President Polk, and had nine children; 1st Ann died young, 2nd Betsy married Samuel Brantner and had two children, Thomas and George Brantner who married Blanche Hendricks and had two sons, Thomas and William, 3rd Ellis, 4th Victor, who moved west, 5th Nancy died age 17 years, 6th Edwin married Miss Snyder and raised four children, 7th Beverly also had five children, one set of triplets, 8th Bennett, bank cashier at Crawfordsville, Ind., 9th Isabelle who married Humphrey Engle and was faithful and good and helpmeet to her husband. Of these Beverly was a devout christian. He had one son Brent in the Confederate cavalry service, is now in Lima, Ohio, and raised a family there. Edwin C. had a 100 acre farm and shop. His son Jacob F. Engle became a lawyer and editor at Charlestown.
To William Brantner, who has the old Engle Bible, we are indebted for preserving much of the family lineage. He married Miss Mary Maddox and raised a family of four children at Shenandoah Junction, W. Va., where he has a pretty home. His father George W. Brantner, was a soldier in the Confederate Army.
Philip Engle, Jr., 4th son of Philip Engle and Mary Darke, born 1767 and died 1822 age 55 years. He married Lydia Daniels, born 1771 and died 1836 and had five children; John, William, Philip, Lydia and Phoebe.
John Engle born 1795 and died 1865 lived three miles northwest of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., where he owned 400 acres of land which he bought by his own industry, and farmed until the day of his death in 1865 .
He bought the Sam Strider and Buckles' Farms and paid for them fully, and the wheat merchant Adam Cockrell
said he was the only farmer who brought absolutely clean wheat to his warehouse on the Potomac. He owned about fifteen slaves, ten men and five women who were well clothed with new woolen suits every winter and lived in stone quarters. They were so well housed that when in 1864 old Ben Lee ran off to the U. S. Army and to freedom, he came back home and said "Marse John I was a fool, whip me and let me go to work again." Old Ben was a great cradler. His master John Engle and his brothers William and Philip bought the Buckle's farm in partnership and when done wheat harvesting at their house farms took their combined forces of nine cradles and followers to the Buckles' farm.
These nine cradlers moved in unison in the golden grain was as pretty a sight as ever gladdened the heart of the old era farmer. Old Ben led the cradlers for years till young James W. Engle came of age and thought he would lead but Old Ben drove so hard as second cradler that his young master was glad to give Ben the lead next year. Old Ben with his wife and children, Patsy, Eliza, Tom, Adam, Steve and Bob, all lie buried in the orchard not far from their old master, waiting the sound of the last trump. Some of them died far from home, Washington City, but the survivors brought their bodies home and put up tombstones for them.
John Engle was the largest farmer in his section and his word was bond everywhere. A gentleman told me he was in the bank when John Engle's application for a loan of a large sum of money ($8,000) was read. A director said let him have it at once as he'll pay every cent and the interest. He was the most industrious and handiest man on a farm I ever knew. He could make a plow and also a wagon wheel and iron it ready for the road, shoe horses, make their shoes and all complete.
He was married three times and had four sons and four daughters living at the time of his death.
The grand-children of John Engle are thirty-five. He built a large store house and a big barn on his home place where he resided three miles northwest of Harper's Ferry, W. Va. He is buried in the orchard of his farm.
For many years he was the leading partner with his brothers, William and Philip who with their combined forces bought new land every few years. He also paid the debt off a neighbor's farm $9,000 and farmed his land till he repaid himself by rents.
John Engle's oldest son, Capt. Jacob H. Engle born 1825 and died in 1900 , spent his early life till 24 years of age on his father's farms near Harper's Ferry, W. Va. In March 1849 he joined the Charlestown Mining Company and with eighty friends and neighbors started for the land of gold -- California. They traveled by rail to Pittsburg, down the Ohio River and up the Mississippi to St. Joseph, Mo. by boat. Here they bought sixteen wagons of six mules each and started May 9th , across the plains and mountains 2,000 miles and arrived at Sacramento, Sept. 9th, 1849 after a trip of many exciting adventures. I have heard Uncle Jake say a mule ran back two miles to the last camping place, and he went after him and catching up he heard grizzly bears chopping their jaws together sounding like clapping two shingles together, in the bushes by the roadside, and two brothers who later attacked them had an arm bitten off but escaped with their lives. After three years spent in mining gold with success he returned home via Isthmus of Panama up to New York, and at Philadelphia exchanged his gold dust for coin of several thousand dollars' value. He arrived home November 10, 1853 . He again engaged in farming; married Virginia Helen Blackford and settled down.
Virginia having passed stringent muster laws, every citizen was required to attend muster and learn military movements.
When they met Jacob H. Engle was elected muster captain by two-thirds over Clay Moler and received his commission as captain of militia from Gov. Henry A. Wise in 55th Regiment, Virginia Militia. No wonder Virginia furnished C. S. A. such good soldiers--they were drilled and ready for it long before 1861 .
He was not fully persuaded that it was best to dissolve the Union and tarried at home till squads of United States soldiers came after him to arrest him. Twice in one day he left his work to avoid them. Meanwhile the State of Virginia seceded and called on her sons to join her army, so that decided many. Even Gen. Robert E. Lee hesitated till then, deciding that the call of his State was more binding than that of the general government.
Captain Jake, in September, 1861 , joined Henderson's company of independent cavalry as first lieutenant, which was mustered in regular army as Company A, 12th Virginia Cavalry, Col. Ashby's command, later under Col. N. Harmar of Staunton, Gen. Rosser's Brigade, and took part, as commander Company A (Captain sick and absent), in seventy-five battles and skirmishes during four years of the war.
At one time his company attacked the United States cavalry near Mount Jackson, Va., and got the worst of it and had to retreat. A trooper singled out Captain Jake for capture and galloped after him one hundred yards ahead of his command. The captain suddenly turned and fired his Colts in his pursuer's breast, the trooper rolling off his horse. The captain made for his horse and had to ride fifty yards back in the face of the enemy before he caught the rein, but escaped amid a shower of bullets. The colonel said turn the horse in as captured property, but the captain demurred, and Major Knott spoke up and said: "I saw your dangerous dash to get that horse; keep it," and he did. Officers generally have several horses. Our kinsmen rode their
own horses into the war. Captain Jake rode his beautiful dunn, "Boston," and at the greatest line-up of the war of cavalry, 12,000 on each side, at Brandy Station, Va., "Boston," in the grand charge, like Napoleon's cavalry at Waterloo, struck an unseen ditch, threw his rider, and galloped off toward the enemy's line. The captain raised his gun to shoot the horse rather than the enemy should get him; but love for horse held his finger from pulling the trigger. The love of a warrior for his horse has been a theme of poets for ages.
Col. Harmar, seeing their predicament, ordered a charge right through the column of the enemy's cavalry, and escaped by shooting to right and left with their large revolvers, Robert Morgan of Halltown alone being killed.
At Strasburg, Va., October 13, 1864 , Capt. Engle led the charge and routed the enemy for two or three miles, when they ran into a large body of cavalry and artillery and were compelled to retreat, which placed him in the rear ranks of the regiment.
Having fired the loads out of his revolvers, he defended himself and men with his heavy saber the whole distance.
At Spottsylvania, May 18th , Gen. Rosser placed Capt. Engle in command of the dismounted sharpshooters. Advancing through a woods, they ran into an ambuscade only forty yards off, when a regiment of infantry raised up and fired at them, but did not lose a man, as all fell to the ground. They retreated two miles, followed so closely by the enemy that one stabbed Capt. Jake through his coat tail, saying, "You damn rebel, surrender."
and had command of the couriers and soldiers at headquarters.
Capt. Engle surrendered at Appomattox April, 1865 , with Gen. Lee's army. He came home with his pistols and saber and two horses, as officers retained their arms and horses by terms of the surrender. His father died the same year and he went to the peaceful pursuit of farming. The next year he built a large brick house, "Alta Vista," on land inherited from his father. He lived a quiet life, became a deacon in the Presbyterian Church and was a kindly neighbor, loved by black and white for his generous treatment of all. He died July 2, 1900 , and leaves a widow and daughter and one son, Mr. Lodonza C. Engle, Rena and Alice J. Moler, who live at his home place and nearby farm. He was buried in the cemetery at Shepherdstown. His son, L. C., married Miss Chambers and has one child, and his daughter, Alice, four children, making five grandchildren. Capt. Jake's home is called "Alta Vista" high view, a pretty place, which commands a fine view of gap in mountains at Harper's Ferry, two miles off.
James W. Engle , second son of John Engle, Sr., was born August 5, 1827 , and lived a quiet life on the farm at home till of age. In 1849 he married Ann M. Duke, and next year moved to the Duke farm, which he farmed till it was bought by Robert N. Duke. He then moved to the Buckles farm, on the Potomac, which his father willed to him. He rebuilt the house, and from its eastern porch there is a delightful view of the river and the railroad trains in the distance. A blazing window of this house attracted a Federal sharpshooter on the Maryland shore one Sunday morning during the Civil War, and he tried his gun on it and us. The bullet hit the window passed through two doors and just grazed the head of my baby brother John, in the nurse's arms, on the back porch, and was picked up by her.
Father also built a large barn in 1888 . We saw some stirring scenes here during war time. One night a dozen Yankee soldiers attempted to take a fat hog from the pen and father opened on them a battery of stove wood
from this porch and routed them. Miss Mary Ann Sagle, our seamstress, helped by shouting, "Murder!" They ran off and the hogs were saved. From this porch we witnessed the discharge of an hundred-pound shot cannon and the explosion of the shells on the Loudoun county mountain during the battle and surrender of Harper's Ferry in September, 1862 , as our home was between the two lines of battle. The roar of the cannon was so terrific that our dogs took refuge in the house. Lots of shells fell within a hundred yards of the house. We have a cartload of them now. Two Union soldiers came running toward the house as a place of safety during the battle. Father tried to stop them, saying, "You will draw the fire of the artillery on my family," but it was no use. They came in and were eating dinner when cavalrymen came from the line of battle and captured them.
We were relieved, indeed, when about 1 P. M. we saw a white flag run up and the firing ceased. By it 12,000 men and fifty cannon were surrendered. A guard having been placed at our spring, stopping the Confederate soldiers from getting water, I took the canteens and filled them and brought them back to guards and waiting soldiers, and thus took part in this battle. Father rode over to the big cannon on Bolivar Heights and picked up a silver handled dirk, used for cutting fuse, and brought it home as a memento of that terrible engine of warfare, which shook the house and the earth at every discharge, bringing terror to man and beast.
The day previous we witnessed the battle of the sharpshooters on Sample manor slope of Blue Ridge as they slowly pushed the United States pickets and troops down closer and closer to Harper's Ferry, the Potomac being between us and the dangerous scene. The day after the surrender we boys spent in ransacking the surrendered camp and carried home guns, chests, tents, powder, caps and ball. We stayed until after twilight and saw flashing of cannon northward, ten miles from Bolivar Heights, and thus first learned of the terrible battle being closed at Antietam battlefield.
[Between pages 18 and 19 are two pages with photographs: one captioned "JAMES M. ENGLE, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C., SIXTH GENERATION."; and the second, "CLAUDE AND VICTORIA ENGLE, Washington, D. C., SEVENTH GENERATION."]
Three days after, when the battle had filled our school houses and churches with wounded soldiers, we carried them dainties to eat and cloths to dress wounds, and thus the havoc of suffering and war was first seen in these church hospitals at Uvilla on the line of Lee's retreating army.
James W. Engle , living on the border, and with a large family of nine children, did not go into the army. He was of a quiet nature and early joined the Presbyterian Church at Duffield's, in which he was an elder for forty years. His first wife, Ann Margaret Duke, died in 1874 and in 1876 he married Miss Rebecca Dust, Daughter of Isaac Dust, Esq., one of the jurymen who convicted John Brown. He continued to live at his home on the Potomac till January, 1904 , when he died of pneumonia, aged seventy-seven.
His six sons, Robert N. and Jesse A. Engle, live on and own the home place; Willard F. is at Springfield, Ohio; Shadia Moore is pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Berkeley Springs, W. Va.; Carlton D. is in business in Baltimore, Md., and James M. Engle is in the Treasury Department at Washington. They have eighteen children among them.
James W. Engle was a member of the board of education in 1860 when free schools were first opened in Virginia and was also 44 years later at the time of his death. He left an estate of $18,000 to his children. Besides, he fully appreciated the value of an education, and endeavored to have all of his children spend several years at college by the time they became of age. For this is rendered him the thanks of his children and is likewise recommended to all our kinsmen now and in the future.
His home on the Potomac was dangerous during the Civil War.
He had to cut his wheat harvest after night, as the soldiers would shoot at them from the Maryland side of the river. His sons, James and Willard, went out to drive up the cattle from pasture and stopped to look at artillery practice from the stone fort on the
Blue Ridge, at a target of rails, set up on ore bank, one mile up the river, not noticing the meaning of a skinned cherry tree near them, when the shell burst sixty feet over their heads with a terrible explosion. Soldiers would cross the river and kill hogs and he rode up the river bottom to stop them, when one drew his revolver and said stop. So father wheeled his horse and said:
"I can get something to shoot with, too." He came back to the house, got his gun and went after the soldier, who ran up the river and crossed over and came down to his rifle. He was mad and shot at us half a dozen times, till we were out of sight, and bullets just whizzed past near us several times.
The artillery from Fort Duncan, opposite home, deliberately fired at us while planting corn, and the shell hit a fence near us and sent a piece of rail whizzing over our heads. Father said: "Unhitch, boys, and get to the house quick."
Frequently we would give a Union soldier bread, and before night a slice from the same loaf to a hungry soldier of the Confederacy. J. W. Engle's boys went to Zion Church to school, and Confederate soldiers came and took their teacher, Michael Nichols, off to go in the army, but when they got home found their teacher had preceded them there and a regiment of Federal soldiers cutting down a fifteen-acre grove of trees around their house. This was done to give open range to Fort Duncan.
A shell fired from this fort killed and wounded thirteen Confederate cavalrymen, Gen. Daniel Sickles said in an after-dinner speech, after the war.
At another time the Federal troops got short of meat, came across the Potomac and took our heard of cattle, eight or ten head, and the neighbors' and drove them to camp and butchered them, not paying a cent. One old steer had been sold to the Confederates and came back home and then the Federal soldiers got him and drove him down to pontoon bridge across the Potomac here. He rebelled again, lowered his head and ran through the soldiers and back to his pasture. So we
ate him after two escapes from both armies. Father made out a bill of $600 for himself and one of $8,000 for his father's estate, but the government only paid $800 of the latter, as he had receipts for horses taken, though the other was for hay, rails, wood and timber, cut by the army and ought to have been paid.
The soldiers of the opposite armies often talked across the Potomac till some Confed would ask, "When are you coming over to take another game of Ball's Bluff?" when bang would be the answer from their carbines. At Ball's Bluff, near Leesburg, the Confederates enticed the Federals across the river and fell upon them from an ambush with great loss, in which our own kinsman, Col. Elijah White, was in command of the charge. Even the boys of that time partook of the times. Muskets could be picked up and boys on opposite sides of the Potomac would shoot at each other. When you heard the warning, "Look out," it was a signal to jump behind a tree, for a moment later you would hear the crack of a gun and an ounce bullet rattling among the sycamore trees. Once when the army evacuated Maryland Heights suddenly and left hundreds of guns, boxes of water crackers, thousands of bushels of oats and camp utensils I groaned because I could carry home only one sharpshooter's rifle and pockets full of caps, cartridges and balls; but they returned in a few weeks and came hunting up government property, and mother told them where my gun was and got it. So they hauled back to camp all the guns, tents, etc., etc., we had appropriated. All did it. Sabina Peacher had five wagon loads in her garret. They got all ours, except one large tent sheet, and father sent me to show the cavalryman where it was in the old house out in the field, but as we got half way to it a squad of Confeds fired on us, and the trooper said we did not want it bad.
living near the old home except Hess, who is out in Indian Territory. Large, fine-looking men of sterling character.
In the early part of the war her husband died of an apoplectic stroke and she ran the farm successfully and raised fine crops and prospered. Her house caught fire and burned to the ground, but she built a new one and overcame all obstacles with her will and courage and industry and lived well. The Unites States teams came to her place and loaded ten tons of hay without her leave. She got on her horse and rode to Harper's Ferry and demanded payment of the quartermaster. He made every excuse possible, but she told him she would stay till she got the money, and sat down. After two or three hours, seeing her pluck, he went to the army chest and paid her. She was the only one who was paid, as impressment was the rule in that time and country.
John H. Engle, son of John Engle, lived on the farm till of age, and went into the army, C. S. A., but was of too delicate constitution and returned home. He went to farming, married Sallie G. Duke, who died within a year or two. He later married Miss Alice Reil, who bore him two sons, and she died, also one son, leaving him one son who grew to manhood.
Lydia Engle, another sister, married Raleigh V. Moler, and they have two daughters, Bessie and Minnie. The former married Mr. H. Watson. Virginia Darke Engle , by John Engle's third wife, Susan Ann Engle , married John H. Buckles and had two children.
The son died early and the daughter married a Mr. Gregg Gibson.
William Engle , son of Philip Engle, Jr., known as old "Uncle Billy," and Phoebe, his wife. Both lived to be over eighty years of age at Zion Church, and had two sons and two daughters born to him, viz., William Engle, Jr., and Henry C. Engle, both of whom were good soldiers in the cavalry service, C. S. A. The former was captured and spent eighteen months in Fort Delaware below Philadelphia as a prisoner of war. He is a bald-headed and very tall man. He said the Yanks whitewashed the bunks at Fort Delaware and the lime took off his hair and tanned his skin. He has two sons and two daughters. One married Raleigh Houser and has a fine family of children. Henry Engle married Sarah M. Osborn and had two sons, Billy and Rosser, after his old general. Mrs. Merritt, their sister, died early and left two daughters, Mary Jane and Emma, both married. Mrs. Cook also died young, but left two sons, James and Ed. Cook. Amanda married James Marshall and has a daughter and son, Rua and Harry Marshall.
These are the descendants of Uncle Billy, for fifty years an elder of the Presbyterian Church, who, when asked for tobacco, replied "Really, I never had any in my pocket in my life," and he lived to over eighty years of age, too.
Philip Engle , the third, and brother of William and John, lived at Engle's Station, three miles northwest of Harper's Ferry, where, with his sons, Charles, William and Benjamin, he farmed his three farms till he was an old man. Two of his sons, William and Benjamin, were soldiers in the cavalry and infantry service, C. S. A. Benjamin was the first man in his regiment to win a furlough for being present at every roll call. He has a son and daughter. Charles left three children and William two sons and two daughters, now of Baltimore, Md.; the sons are conductors on the B. and
O. Railroad and reliable men; John Lee, Russie, Kate married Chip Wysong.
Lydia Engle , sister of John, William and Philip, married Charles Moler, and their sons are Jacob, Philip and Dr. John Engle Moler and a host of descendants I cannot name. The latter wrote me from Hartford City, Ind., that the Engle's and Molers came from Jerseys, in Holland, to New Jersey in 1740 , and then went across to Lancaster, Pa., and down the Cumberland Valley to Shenandoah Valley in 1750 .
Phoebe, another sister of John, William and Philip, married Thomas Melvin, of Logan County, Ohio, and raised a family there, of whom John Melvin visited us with his father, Uncle Tommy Melvin, in 1875 , a very nice old gentleman.
John, William and Philip Engle are all buried with their wives and infant children in the orchard at John Engle's farm, also James W. Engle and wife, Ann Margaret Duke Engle, and two children, John and Ella. John F., who died in California and is buried in San Luis Rey Cemetery there. John W. Engle's heirs have a deed to the east end of the graveyard and right of way to it from the country road. The early Engles are all buried in Gen. Darke's graveyard on Mrs. Henry Ronemous' farm, Duffield. John and Philip Engle were the best shots with the old heavy squirrel rifle in the country. Hit the center every time and put second shot in hole of first shot, driving out black patch. The sale of John Engle's personal property in 1865 amounted to $7,000. His estate, land and all, was near $20,000, which was divided between widow and eight children. All the Engle men were good marksmen. Philip Engle, Sr., killed a wild goose when he was eighty-three years old. Uncle Billy and Philip Engle, Jr., were riding out to Ohio, when Philip saw a crowd shooting mark for a bridle. He got off his horse, paid the fee, and won the prize and caught up to his brother, showing his new bridle. Uncle Billy said, "Really, Philip, it is too bad for you to gamble, and out here five hundred miles from
home." They rode horseback to Ohio several times previous to railroads.
Jesse Engle, eighth son of Philip and Mary Darke, married .................. and had two children, John M. Engle and Sarah Jane Ronemous.
John M., his son, had a good farm near Zoar Church. He married a daughter of Uncle Billy Engle for his first wife, and a daughter of Joseph Melvin for second wife, who bore him four daughters and two sons, Jesse and Butler and Maggie and Ella, and Mrs. Sally Rissler and Mrs. Mary J. Brown, the prettiest girl I ever saw, when she was sweet sixteen married Dr. Brown.
Mr. John M. Engle was of a studious disposition and was well informed and long a leading magistrate in Jefferson county. His sister married Henry Ronemous, and they still own one of the original Engle farms, and Engle graveyard on it. They had one son and seven daughters born to them. John, Fanny and Pinkie died early. Mrs. Oscar Blackford, Mrs. Charles Barnhart, Mrs. Adam Hendricks and Mrs. Walter Harman all lived near Duffield's with their families, and Miss Ida at home with her father, who is now over eighty years of age, and an excellent farmer.
John M. Engle had a large sideboard of pretty design that was handcarved by Gen. Wm. Darke himself and is now in possession of his daughter Sallie.
Mary, ninth child of Philip Engle and Mary Drake, married John Melvin. Ann, the tenth sister, married a Mr. Garrett.
Susan, the eleventh child, probably died in infancy.
James, the oldest child of Philip and Isabella Pollock, his second wife, who was a kinswoman of President Polk, married Lorena McKnight, and had one child, Elizabeth, who died young. He was a great hunter and spent most of his time chasing the deer, elk and wild turkey,
which he could call up to him with bone whistle. Moses, his younger brother, married Mary Drenner and moved west to Keokuk, Iowa. He also was a great hunter and wasted much time with dog and gun, as people generally do who adopt this mode of making a living. Benjamin and Naomi died in infancy, and Thomas died single. Phoebe married Uriah Rutherford, and Betsy married Isaac Hutchinson and had three children -- Phoebe, James and Jane. To Phoebe and Uriah Rutherford were born four children -- Jarrett, Thomas, Philip and Phoebe.
The foregoing pages form a short account of the eighteen children of Philip Engle, sr., and Mary Darke, his wife, from 1754 , when his father, Melchor Engle, bought 400 acres of land near Shenandoah Junction, Jefferson county, W. Va., to 1905 (the first 150 years of our history). The descendants at this time count about 300 people, to the sixth generation, and they are scattered throughout Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, California and Oregon.
To Philip Engle, sr., a second marble tombstone has been erected by Joseph E. Engle and inscribed "The father of the Engle Family," in the Gen. Darke graveyard near Duffield's. In this same graveyard on the Mrs. Henry Ronemous' farm this summer we found a large sandstone inscribed "M. E., Died 1771 ," which is surely the headstone of Melchor Engle, our first settler and ancestor, which will be reset nearby.
Our people have been noted for their industry, sobriety and honesty, and have been good citizens. I have often heard the town people say, "If you want a good, honest load of wood, hay or such, buy it of the Engles." They have most all been farmers, and wheat their principal crop, in the Shenandoah valley. Since the early days of our grandparents, who used to haul their wheat to Alexandria, Va., with six-horse teams, how our country has developed! Next came the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, and after it the B. and O. railroad, and helped the West to be settled up, till now (1905) the nation's corn crop is 2,700,000,000 bushels, worth $1,000,000,000;
wheat crop worth $525,000,000, hay, $500,000,000, and cotton $600,000,000--no longer king, but second place.
Many of our kinsmen moved West and bought land at bottom prices, now worth $60 to $75 an acre. Grandfather Engle rode out to Indiana with $800 in his pocket to buy land, and was offered that swampland at 12 1/2 cents, but hesitated and missed the opportunity of his life. Such land is now worth $60 an acre. Canals were cut through it and drained it into best farms.
But it is a great privilege to live in the fair Valley of Shenandoah, with its fine climate and people. Its soil has been depleted somewhat by constant cropping and the failure of clover to grow, but with the new nitrogen bacteria we hope to replenish the soil again. One farmer experimented with best fertilizer on a forty-acre field, allowing all to feed through drills that could get through, and raised 54 bushels to the acre, showing the great possibilities of our valley soil.
This account shows thirteen Engles were in the Confederate Army -- one chaplain, Rev. J. J. Engle; two captains of cavalry, Jacob H. Engle and George W. Engle; two quartermasters, Frank Engle and Samuel D. Engle; two infantry lieutenants, Holland Engle and Wm. Engle, jr., of Philip, and six troopers--Benjamin D. Engle, Wm. Engle, Brent Engle, Henry C. Engle, Wm. Engle and John H. Engle. All made good records as soldiers and served the state well. Whether they were wise in rebelling and following the South into a war that cost us 200,000 of our best men and $2,000,000,000 in loss of property, we will leave to the future to determine. Mr. Watterson says it was the greatest blunder of the nineteenth century and left our country devastated by great armies and gave the opposition a chance to impose a war tariff that has cost the South another thousand millions and made us take the back seat in national affairs for the last forty years; while the North triumphed, got rich by it and has millionaires by the hundred. Still, a nation does not shine much unless some military exploits every century at least, and that
war certainly astonished the world and gave us prominence. It does seem to us grown up since the war that they should have considered the probability of defeat when they had only eleven states and ten million people against twenty-six states and thirty million people in the North.
Our people followed the hot blooded Carolinians, who were too rash. It was their plan, no doubt shrewd, to make a break for separation before the great Northwest settled up, and would have out voted them in Congress where they had ruled for the last fifty years. Virginia was slow and last to secede. Had our statesmen kept their seats in Congress slavery would in time have been abolished by law, but we would have been paid for them. In 1862 $300 was paid for each slave set free in the District of Columbia, but it cost $700 each to free them by the war.
It is all over and our country stretches from ocean to ocean and bids fair to rival Rome with her five hundred million people and will boss the world. Let us forget the past and cherish our glorious country.
Melchor Engle and Mary, his wife, built a log cabin soon after their arrival in Virginia in 1750 , and in it raised their three children--William, John and Philip. It was 16 feet square and had a shed attached to the rear for a kitchen. Twenty years later Philip built a good log house, 22 by 30 feet, with weather- boarded sides and good stone foundation and cellar--six or seven rooms in all. It still remains, and was occupied by the family of the late Lieut. Thomas Link till this summer, when his son, Mr. J. Burt Link, built a new brick house. The first old log house is used for a granary; the second house was used as a dwelling for one hundred years and is yet good. In this house were born the eighteen children of Philip and Mary Darke Engle.
Departed this life on the 21st ult., Mr. Philip Engle, sr., of this county, aged 87 years, 1 month and 12 days.
Mr. Engle was born in the city of Lancaster, Pa., and emigrated to Jefferson county, Va., at the age of twelve years with his father, Mr. Melchor Engle, who was one of the first settlers of this county. He settled on Elk Branch, where he left a handsome estate to his offspring, upon which the deceased resided until his death.
At an early age he married Miss Mary Darke, sister of Gen. William Darke, of the Revolutionary War, by whom he had eleven children. After her death he married Miss Isabella Pollock, by whom he had seven children, making eighteen in all. He also had seventy-five grandchildren and forty-five great grandchildren.
During the revolutionary struggle he served a campaign under Gen. Gates in the Carolinas; was fortunate enough to not get into active service, owing probably to being one of the general's guards. His patriotism, however, was never doubted, as he ever bore the mark republican and exalted in the rise of his country to power and glory. He was an affectionate husband and indulgent parent and obliging neighbor. Nor was this all. He was an humble follower of the meek and lowly Jesus, in whose merits and mediations he trusted for salvation. When he left this earthly tabernacle of clay, it was with the hope that he would enter it again at the great rising day, corrected and revised.
<a name="Chap3">GEN. WILLIAM DARKE.</a>
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Gen. William Darke, born Philadelphia county, Pa., 1736 ; died Jefferson county, Va., Nov. 26, 1801 , and lies buried in the Engle graveyard on Philip Engle farm. In 1740 his parents moved to Virginia. He was in Braddock's army at its defeat in 1755 , and was a captain at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. He was made prisoner at the battle of Germantown, but was exchanged, and was colonel commanding the Berkeley and Hampshire regiments at the capture of Cornwallis at Yorktown. He was a member of the Virginia legislature, and in the convention of 1783 voted for the Federal constitution. Lieutenant colonel of a regiment of levies
in 1791 , he commanded the left wing of St. Clair's army at its defeat by the Miami Indians, Nov. 4, 1791 . He made two gallant and successful charges with his regiment in this fight, in the second of which his son, Capt. Joseph Darke, was shot through the neck and fell. The father paused but a moment with his son; then rushed on with his advancing troops. Capt. Darke was brought back as far as Pittsburgh on a horse litter. While eating a cracker the wound opened and he bled to death. He was buried at Pittsburgh. His father brought home his son's clothes, spread them out in the house before the family and went out, never uttering a word. He ever afterward hated Indians, and years after, when Rev. Wm. Hill, who resembled the Indian countenance, came to Elk Branch Church to preach, Gen. Darke noticed it and said "Indian" and got up and left the church. He was made a major general of the Virginia militia. Gen. Darke's daughter was the sole child who had issue. She married Mr. Manning and became mother of the Manning family in Jefferson county, Va.
When Capt. Joseph Darke fell in the battle of St. Clair's defeat, Lieut. James Glenn, sr., took command of his company and came out of the battle with only eight men alive, and he carried the sad news to Philadelphia and Gen. Washington, and was promoted to captain for it. Jefferson county, Va., had four major generals in the Revolutionary War--Charles Lee, Adam Stephen, Horatio Gates and Wm. Darke. All these fought well in both Indian and Revolutionary Wars till each made a mistake and was retired, except Gen. Darke, who fought uninterruptedly through both wars to the end.
<a name="Chap4">THE DUKE FAMILY.</a>
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Among the early Scotch-Irish settlers of Berkeley county, Va., was John Duke, an emigrant from the north of Ireland, though not Irish, as Ulster was settled by English and Scotch by the king's order. John Duke, it appears, came down from Pennsylvania in 1753 . Two
years prior to this date it is found he was living near Ballymony, in the north of Ireland.
John Duke had a family of eleven children, whose names were Betsy, William, Francis and John (born in Ireland) and Robert, Mary, Matthew, Margaret, Mary II, James and Jane (born in America). The father died in 1791 , and Margaret, his wife, in 1792 .
These facts are taken from a small account book, dated 1745 , which John Duke used as a family register and memorandum book. In it are receipts from his Irish landlord and also transactions with his neighbors in America. There are charges for money loaned, sales of wheat and salt linen to such well-known parties as John Van Meter, Edward Lucas, Wm. Morgan and Capt. Richard Pearis, which shows that John Duke was one of the pioneer merchants in the valley. In 1762 he bought of Robert Lemon 164 acres land where Kearneysville, W. Va., now stands and lived there till his death. The wills of both he and wife are on record at Martinsburg.
Of his children, the first, William, married Mary Ann, daughter of Nicholas Lemon; second, Elizabeth, married one of the Blue family of Hampshire county, W. Va.; third, Francis, married Sarah, daughter of Col. David and Hannah Shepherd of Shepherdstown, and so Duke street there; later he (Francis) was killed at siege of Fort Henry, Wheeling. Fourth, John, was killed in St. Clair's defeat; fifth, Robert, was executor of his father's will; sixth, Mary, died a baby; seventh, Mary II, married Foutz of West Liberty, Ohio; eighth, James, lived in Charlestown, leaving eight children; Matthew and Margaret lived in Berkeley; eleventh, Jane, said to have been a most beautiful woman, married Capt. James Glenn, sr., as first wife and had three children; all died in infancy. He then married Ruth Burnes, mother of Capt. James Glenn, C. S. A.
The eldest of these eleven children of John Duke was William Duke, who married Mary Ann Lemon, and they had four sons and two daughters: Robert, John, Francis, Matthew and Margaret, who married Daniel Hendrick, sr., and Nancy, who married Isaac Clymer,
father of Rev. John Clymer, and brothers. Robert Duke married Annie Moore, and they had five children--Francis, Robert, Matthew, Allnut, Mary Ellen and Ann Margaret, who married James W. Engle. Robert Duke, sr., was an inspector of finished guns in Harper's Ferry armory 1840 , and bought 300 acres farm near town.
<a name="Chap5">THE MOORE FAMILY.</a>
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The first Moore of our ancestry who came to this country from north of Ireland was John Moore, a brother of James Moore, governor of South Carolina in 1720 . John Moore's son, William, was the father of Rev. Jeremiah Moore of Fairfax county, Va.
Jeremiah Moore, born 1746 , died 1815 ; married Lydia Renno, and they had nine children--Francis, Jesse, John, William, Margaret, Elizabeth, Annie, and Angelica Hunter and Ammi Shaddai. Rev. Jeremiah Moore's mantle fell upon his oldest son, Rev. Francis Moore, who married Sarah Chiswell Allnutt of Maryland, and their children were Annie, who married Robert Duke; Sarah, m. George Moler; Lydia, m. Wm. Strider; Margaret, m. Archie Bowen;
Cornelia, m. Daniel Moler; Francis and Jerrie died unmarried, and Ammi Shaddai Moore, who married Mary Brewer, and Jesse. who married Miss Keys, and later married Mary Ann Boteler, who bore him three children -- Lucretia, T. Boteler Moore and J. Jesse Moore, superintendent C. and O. canal.
Rev. Jeremiah Moore was of same era as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, with whom he argued on baptism. He traveled on horseback west as far as St. Louis and preached the gospel of peace on way, and was a great and useful man in those days of few ministers.
All the sons of Jeremiah Moore lived in Fairfax county, Va., except Rev. Francis Moore, who, like George Washington and brothers, moved from Tidewater, Va., up into the more fertile Shenandoah valley in 1754 , when the Indians moved away to join the French in war. Of the sons who remained east of the Blue Ridge, Jeremiah
Moore's son, Ammi Shaddai, had two sons -- Robert Lindsey and Thomas Moore. The former studied law and located at Vicksburg, Miss. He commanded a company in Jeff Davis' regiment in Mexican War and fell fighting in the battle of Buena Vista. His brother Thomas was a lieutenant in Mexican War, but lived to return, and practice law many years. He was a great churchman. He married Hannah Morris of New York, whose great-grandfather was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Moore was also a captain in the Confederate army. He left four daughters -- Jenny, Helen, Margaret and Edith--and one son, Robert Walton Moore, who is the leading lawyer of Warrenton, Va., and member of state senate. Ammi Shaddai Moore of Clarke county, Va., had four sons and five daughters: A. Moore, jr., lawyer, and Nicholas, farmer, each have ten children, and Mrs. Calmes, two sons, and Misses Bettie, Sallie, Cornelia and Kate, who reside at their pleasant farm home, Upton, which they manage successfully. This year they sold their apple crop for $1,500. All four of their brothers were in the Confederate army; Francis and William lost their lives in it. Francis died of fever and William was killed in last battle of war before Richmond. It was published that there are forty million dollars in Bank of England for Moore family, and that ours is nearest to it.
<a name="Chap6">THE MOLER FAMILY.</a>
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Three brothers and families came from Jerseys in Holland and settled first in New Jersey and afterward moved to Lancaster county, Pa. From there one brother -- Adam -- with many other families, and the Engles, moved to Jefferson county, Va., in 1750 . Adam Moler took up land on the Potomac river, four miles above Harper's Ferry on both sides river. He had seven sons and two daughters--Adam, John, Frederick, Casper, Henry, Michael, and one name lost. The first son, Adam, had four sons living. John and Vandiver lived south of Dayton, Ohio. Washington and Raleigh lived on the old home place on the Potomac river. Washington had four
sons and three daughters -- John, Jacob, Raleigh, Adam, Margaret Knott, Jenny Snyder and Lizzie. All married and have families.
Raleigh had six sons and one daughter -- William, Raleigh, jr., Adam, George, John, Francis and Mary. Washington married Sarah Swagler and Raleigh married Margaret Miller. These two brothers farmed in partnership many years and built brick houses alike.
Both were elders in Presbyterian Church and fine men. Jacob Moler had five sons--John, Jacob, Adam, Henry and Charles, who married Lydia Engle and they have seven sons --J acob, James, Charles, Samuel, Bennett, Philip and John, who gave this account. Three of Raleigh Moler's sons were in the Confederate army-- William, Raleigh V. and Adam--and two of Washington Moler's sons -- George and Jacob. The first grand jury in Jefferson county had a Moler on it.
<a name="Chap7">LIFE IN DEPARTMENTS AT WASHINGTON.</a>
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In our great republic of eighty-six million people, it requires a larger army in the civil service than in the military branch of the government. There are about 250,000 persons employed by the Federal government in watching over its business one way or another. Only 25,000 of these are in Washington, D. C., as clerks, and they are paid an average of $1,200. The others are scattered throughout the country at the navy yards, custom houses, Indian service, etc., etc.
Prior to 1883 all these appointments were by official favor, but in 1883 a law was passed by Congress saying all these places should be given out by competitive examinations, irrespective of religious or political opinions. So the hard student at school is recognized as he should be and they get the places at a good salary and the government gets a good worker. This is good and right. The law is being faithfully carried into effect; fifty thousands of young people got government jobs last year. In these examinations you are given a number to put on your papers, and your name is hidden away in an envelope with that number on the outside; so the examiners
do not know whose papers they are marking, even if they wanted to favor one.
I advise all of my young kinsmen who have studied hard to try these examinations. Write to Secretary, Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C., and he will send you the blank application and also a book of sample examinations if you ask it.
Any further correspondence is unnecessary. Many clerks save up enough money to go into business and resign. A young lady, Miss Lawford, saved up $6,000, went in partnership with her brother in Illinois, bought a sawmill and is fast getting rich. Another, Geo. Lanmark, saved his money, married his girl home in country village, and is now living in $15,000 marble-front near Dupont Circle. Those who get a hifalutin, women's rights girl do not save anything and live in the outskirts. The large number who spend all they get and borrow, of course are not worthy to be mentioned at all.
The work is not specially hard and anyone who can pass a teacher's examination can do it all right. A clerk can win early promotion by offering to do difficult accounts which others shun, and thus win a full-grade clerkship ($1,600), as I did in few years. It is pleasant to live at the national capital and look over the affairs of our great country. The chances are good to get a finished education by studying at night in the colleges here. The seminary proprietors advertise "It is a liberal education to live a term in Washington," the capital of eighty million people, with news at first hand. One meets many distinguished officials. I met Secretary Shaw, head of Treasury Department, one evening with a Jewish gentleman in a parlor. He is a good story-teller, and at once opened on our Jewish friend as follows: "A Jewish merchant had a daughter born to him; was much elated, and asked a friend to tell him an extra fine name for her, who proposed Eugenie, a name of a princess. `Yes, I see, U-sheeny, you mean.'
"The Secretary is a great Methodist and would make us a good President. He makes a good speech. All
who heard his Alexandria address were delighted. Bishop McCabe is the only one who can beat him in a story. He tells of a rich parishioner who was bragging that when he came into the world he hadn't a cent in his pocket. An Irishman sitting near exclaimed "And hadn't even a pocket."
Another Irishman riding up Pennsylvania avenue in a street car was accosted by the conductor: "You must not smoke in this car." He replied: "I'm not smoking." "You got a pipe in your mouth." "Yes, I've got shoes on my feet, but I'm not walking."